Vocabulary List 3: De Bello Gallico 1.6-4.25

a: ante, abb. a.
angustum, angusti N: small/confined/narrow space/place/passage, strait, channel; crisis, extremities
convenio, convenire, conveni, conventus: come together; agree, harmonize; be appropriate to, fit, be correctly shaped/consistent
difficilis, difficile, difficilior -or -us, difficillimus -a -um: difficult, troublesome; hard; hard to please/manage/deal with/carry out
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus: lead, command; think, consider, regard; prolong
duo, duae, duo: 2
existimo, existimare, existimavi, existimatus: value/esteem; form/hold opinion/view; think/suppose; estimate; judge/consider
expeditus, expedita -um, expeditior -or -us, expeditissimus -a -um: unencumbered; without baggage; light armed
fluo, fluere, fluxi, fluxus: flow, stream; emanate, proceed from; fall gradually
impendeo, impendere, -, -: overhang, hang over; threaten; be imminent, impend
nondum: not yet
nullus, nulla, nullum (gen -ius): no; none, not any
nuper, -, nuperrime: recently, not long ago; in recent years/our own time; latest in series
omnino: entirely, altogether
paco, pacare, pacavi, pacatus: pacify, subdue
patior, pati, passus sum: suffer; allow; undergo, endure; permit
perpaucus, perpauca, perpaucum: very few; select
pons, pontis M: bridge
populus, populi: people, nation, State; public/populace/multitude/crowd; a following
ripa, ripae F: bank
singulus, singula, singulum: apiece; every; one each/at a time; individual/separate/single; several
vadum, vadi N: shallow place, stream; ford, shoal; channel
vel: even, actually; or even, in deed; or
vel: or
vis, vis F: strength, force, power, might, violence
vix: hardly, scarcely, barely, only just; with difficulty, not easily; reluctantly
adventus, adventus M: arrival, approach; visit, appearance, advent; ripening; invasion, incursion
certus, certa -um, certior -or -us, certissimus -a -um: fixed, settled, firm; certain; trusty/reliable; sure; resolved, determined
concedo, concedere, concessi, concessus: relinquish/give up/concede; depart; pardon; submit, allow/grant/permit/condone
delibero, deliberare, deliberavi, deliberatus: weigh/consider/deliberate/consult; ponder/think over; resolve/decide o
dum: while, as long as, until; provided that
exerceo, exercere, exercui, exercitus: exercise, train, drill, practice; enforce, administer; cultivate
facultas, facultatis F: means; ability, skill; opportunity, chance; resources, supplies
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus: order, command, levy; rule
inimicus, inimica -um, inimicior -or -us, inimicissimus -a -um: unfriendly, hostile, harmful
iniurius, iniuria, iniurium: unjust, harsh
intercedo, intercedere, intercessi, intercessus: intervene; intercede, interrupt; hinder; veto; exist/come between
iugum, iugi N: yoke; team, pair; ridge, summit, chain
legatus, legati M: envoy, ambassador, legate; commander of a legion; officer; deputy
lego, legere, legi, lectus: read; gather, collect; furl, weigh; pick out
licet, licere, licuit, licitus est: it is permitted, one may; it is all right, lawful, allowed, permitted
maleficium, malefici(i) N: crime/misdeed/offense; injury/hurt/wrong; fraud/deception; sorcery; pest
maturo, maturare, maturavi, maturatus: ripen, hurry, make haste to, hasten
memoria, memoriae F: memory, recollection; history; time within memory
mitto, mittere, misi, missus: send, throw, hurl, cast; let out, release, dismiss; disregard
nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus: announce/report/bring word/give warning; convey/deliver/relate message/greeting
occido, occidere, occidi, occisus: kill, murder, slaughter, slay; cut/knock down; weary, be the death/ruin of
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus: beat; drive out; push; banish, strike, defeat, drive away, rout
pervenio, pervenire, perveni, perventus: come to; reach; arrive
princeps, (gen.), principis: first, foremost, leading, chief, front; earliest, original; most necessary
puto, putare, putavi, putatus: think, believe, suppose, hold; reckon, estimate, value; clear up, settle
rescindo, rescindere, rescidi, rescissus: cut out; cut down, destroy; annul; rescind
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus: answer
revertor, reverti, reversus sum: turn back, go back, return; recur
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus: ask, ask for; invite; introduce
spatium, spati(i) N: space; area/expanse, room; intervening space, gap/interval; length/width
sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus: take up; begin; suppose, assume; select; purchase; exact; obtain
tamen: yet, nevertheless, still
tempero, temperare, temperavi, temperatus: combine, blend, temper; make mild; refrain from; control oneself
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus: hold, keep; comprehend; possess; master; preserve
ubi: where; in what place; when, whenever; as soon as; in which; with whom
ullus, ulla, ullum (gen -ius): any
ulterior, ulterior, ulterius: farther, later, higher, greater
urbs, urbis F: city; City of Rome
volo, velle, volui, -: wish, want, prefer; be willing, will
voluntas, voluntatis F: will, desire; purpose; good will; wish, favor, consent
alacritas, alacritatis F: eagerness, enthusiasm, ardor, alacrity; cheerfulness, liveliness
alo, alere, alui, altus: feed, nourish, rear, nurse, suckle; cherish; support, maintain, develop
aqua, aquae F: water; sea, lake; river, stream; rain, rainfall, rainwater; spa; urine
aridus, arida -um, aridior -or -us, aridissimus -a -um: dry, arid, parched; water/rain-less; used dry, dried; thirsty; poor; shriveled
auctus, auctus M: growth, increase, enlargement, act of increasing; accession; prosperity; bulk
audacter, audacius, audacissime: boldly, audaciously, confidently, proudly, fearlessly; impudently, rashly
barbarus, barbara -um, barbarior -or -us, barbarissimus -a -um: foreign, of/used by/typical of foreigners; cruel, savage; uncivilized, uncouth
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus: become acquainted with/aware of; recognize; learn, find to be; inquire/examine
coicio, coicere, coieci, coiectus: throw/put/pile together; conclude, infer, guess; assign, make go; classify, put
consisto, consistere, constiti, constitus: stop/stand/halt/cease; pause, linger; stop spreading/flowing; take a position
consuesco, consuescere, consuevi, consuetus: accustom oneself; become/be accustomed/used; inure, habituate; familiarize
desilio, desilire, desului, desultus: leap/jump down, dismount, alight; jump headlong, venture heedlessly
difficultas, difficultatis F: difficulty; trouble; hardship/want/distress/poverty; obstinacy
eadem: by the same route; at the same time; likewise; same
egredior, egredi, egressus sum: go/march/come out; set sail; land, disembark; surpass, go beyond
equitatus, equitatus M: cavalry, horse-soldiers; equestrian order; bodies of cavalry
equus, equi M: horse; steed
essedarius, essedaria, essedarium: of or belonging to a war chariot
genus, generis N: birth/descent/origin; race/family/house/stock/ancestry; offspring/descent
gravis, grave, gravior -or -us, gravissimus -a -um: heavy; painful; important; serious; pregnant; grave, oppressive, burdensome
hostis, hostis: enemy; stranger, foreigner; the enemy
ignotus, ignota, ignotum: unknown, strange; unacquainted with, ignorant of
impedio, impedire, impedivi, impeditus: hinder, impede, hamper, obstruct, prevent from
imperitus, imperita, imperitum: unskilled, inexperienced; unfamiliar, ignorant
insuefactus, insuefacta, insuefactum: well trained
magnitudo, magnitudinis F: size, magnitude, bulk; greatness. importance, intensity
manus, manus F: hand, fist; team; gang, band of soldiers; handwriting; trunk
membrum, membri N: member, limb, organ; male genital member; apartment, room; section
navis, navis F: ship
nisi: if not; except, unless
notus, nota -um, notior -or -us, notissimus -a -um: well known, familiar, notable, famous, esteemed; notorious, of ill repute
onus, oneris N: load, burden; cargo
opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus: press down; suppress; overthrow; crush, overwhelm, fall upon, oppress
paulus, paula, paulum: little; small; small amount/quantity of/little bit of
pedester, pedestris, pedestre: infantry-, of foot-soldiers; walking; on foot/land; pedestrian
perterreo, perterrere, perterrui, perterritus: frighten greatly, terrify
plerumque: generally, commonly; mostly, for the most part; often, frequently
praemitto, praemittere, praemisi, praemissus: send ahead or forward
progredior, progredi, progressus sum: go, come forth, go forward, march forward; advance. proceed. make progress
propter: near; on account of; by means of; because of
pugna, pugnae F: battle, fight
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatus: fight; dispute
simul: at same time; likewise; also; simultaneously; at once
studium, studi(i) N: eagerness, enthusiasm, zeal, spirit; devotion, pursuit, study
subsequor, subsequi, subsecutus sum: follow close after; pursue; support
summus, summa, summum: highest, the top of; greatest; last; the end of
telum, teli N: dart, spear; weapon, javelin; bullet
admitto, admittere, admisi, admissus: urge on, put to a gallop; let in, admit, receive; grant, permit, let go
adpropinquo, adpropinquare, adpropinquavi, adpropinquatus: approach; come near to, draw near/nigh; be close
altitudo, altitudinis F: height, altitude; depth; loftiness, profundity, noblemindedness, secrecy
animadverto, animadvertere, animadverti, animadversus: pay attention to, attend to; notice, observe; judge, estimate; punish
apertus, aperta -um, apertior -or -us, apertissimus -a -um: open/public/free; uncovered/exposed/opened; frank/clear/manifest; cloudless
aquila, aquilae: silver eagle on pole, standard of a legion; legion; post of standard-bearer
barbarus, barbari M: barbarian, uncivilized person; foreigner
certe: surely, certainly, without doubt, really; at least/any rate, in all events
coepi, coeptus (also coepio -ere): begin, commence, initiate; set foot on
cohortor, cohortari, cohortatus sum: encourage, cheer up; exhort, rouse, incite; admonish
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus: observe/see/witness; notice; watch; gaze/stare on; catch/be in sight of; face
cunctor, cunctari, cunctatus sum: delay, impede, hold up; hesitate, tarry, linger; be slow to act; dawdle; doubt
dedecus, dedecoris N: disgrace/dishonor/discredit/shame/infamy; misbehavior; vice, turpitude
desilio, desilire, desilui, desultus: leap/jump down, dismount, alight; jump headlong, venture heedlessly
deus, dei: god; God; divine essence/being, supreme being; statue of god
ego: I
evenio, evenire, eveni, eventus: come out/about/forth; happen; turn out
feliciter: happily
fero, ferre, tuli, latus: bring, bear; tell/speak of; consider; carry off, win, receive, produce; get
figura, figurae F: shape, form, figure, image; beauty; style; figure of speech
funda, fundae F: sling; casting net; pocket
imperator, imperatoris M: emperor; general; ruler; commander
inde: thence, thenceforth; from that place/time/cause; thereupon
inquiam, -, -: say
inusitatus, inusitata -um, inusitatior -or -us, inusitatissimus -a -um: unusual, uncommon; strange, unfamiliar; unwonted
latus, lateris N: side; flank
mare, maris N: sea; sea water
meus, mea, meum: my; mine, of me, belonging to me; my own; to me
modo: only, merely; just now/recently, lately; presently
motus, motus M: movement, motion; riot, commotion, disturbance; gesture; emotion
nam: for, on the other hand; for instance
noster, nostri M: our men
obtestor, obtestari, obtestatus sum: call to witness; implore
officium, offici(i) N: duty, obligation; kindness; service, office
onerarius, oneraria, onerarium: of burden
paulum: little/bit; to a small extent, somewhat; only a small amount/short while
pes, pedis M: foot
primus, prima, primum: first, foremost/best, chief, principal; nearest/next
prodo, prodere, prodidi, proditus: project, thrust forward; bring forth, produce, give birth to; create; nominate
proiicio, proiicere, proieci, proiectus: throw down, throw out; abandon; throw away
propello, propellere, propuli, propulsus: drive forward/forth; drive away/out/off; defeat
publicus, publica, publicum: public; common, of the people/state; official
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus: bring/carry back/again/home; move/draw/force back, withdraw; go back, return
removeo, removere, removi, remotus: move back; put away; withdraw; remove
remus, remi M: oar
sagitta, sagittae F: arrow
species, speciei F: sight, appearance, show; splendor, beauty; kind, type
submoveo, submovere, submovi, submotus: remove; drive off, dislodge; expel; ward off; keep at a distance; bar/debar
tantus, tanta, tantum: of such size; so great, so much
tormentum, tormenti N: windlass; instrument for twisting/winding; engine for hurling stones; missile
tum: then, next; besides; at that time
universus, universa, universum: whole, entire; all together; all; universal
usus, usus M: use, enjoyment; experience, skill, advantage; custom
vox, vocis F: voice, tone, expression
vultis: be willing; wish