Vocabulary List 4: De Bello Gallico 4.26-30

acriter, acrius, acerrime: sharply, vigilantly, fiercely; severely, steadfastly; keenly, accurately
adgrego, adgregare, adgregavi, adgregatus: collect, include, group, implicate; flock/join together, attach
adorior, adoriri, adortus sum: assail/assault/attack, rise against; accost/address
aliquis: someone; anyone; some
aperio, aperire, aperui, apertus: uncover, open, disclose; explain, recount; reveal; found; excavate; spread out
aridum, aridi N: dry land; dry place; dry surface; dryness
circumsisto, circumsistere, circumstiti, circumstatus: stand/gather/crowd/take a stand around; surround, beset; be on either side
compleo, complere, complevi, completus: fill; be big enough to fill; occupy space, crowd; furnish/supply/man
consequor, consequi, consecutus sum: follow, go/come after; attend on; pursue; catch up with, overtake; follow up
consto, constare, constiti, constatus: agree/correspond/fit, be correct; be dependent/based upon; exist/continue/last
cursus, cursus M: running; speed/zeal; charge, onrush; forward movement/march; revolution
desum, deesse, defui, defuturus: be wanting/lacking; fail/miss; abandon/desert, neglect; be away/absent/missing
eques, equitis M: horseman/cavalryman/rider; horsemen, cavalry; equestrian order
firmiter: really, strongly, firmly; steadfastly
fortuna, fortunae F: chance, luck, fate; prosperity; condition, wealth, property
fuga, fugae F: flight, fleeing, escape; avoidance; exile
impeditus, impedita -um, impeditior -or -us, impeditissimus -a -um: hindered/obstructed/encumbered/hampered; difficult/impeded; inaccessible
impetus, impetus M: attack, assault, charge; attempt; impetus, vigor; violent mental urge, fury
insisto, insistere, institi, -: stand/tread upon, stand, stop; press on, persevere; pursue, set about
insula, insulae F: island; apartment house
iubo, iubere : order/tell/command/direct; enjoin/command; decree/enact; request/ask/bid; pray
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus: work, labor; produce, take pains; be troubled/sick/oppressed, be in distress
litus, litoris N: shore, seashore, coast, strand; river bank; beach, landing place
magnopere: greatly, exceedingly; with great effort; very much; particularly, especially
navigium, navigi(i) N: vessel, ship
nosco, noscere, novi, notus: get to know; learn, find out; become cognizant of/acquainted/familiar with
occurro, occurrere, occurri, occursus: run to meet; oppose, resist; come to mind, occur
ordo, ordinis M: row, order/rank; succession; series; class; bank; order
paucus, pauca -um, paucior -or -us, paucissimus -a -um: little, small in quantity/extent; few; just a few; small number of
perturbo, perturbare, perturbavi, perturbatus: confuse, throw into confusion; disturb, perturb, trouble; alarm
plus, (gen.), pluris: more; several. many
pristinus, pristina, pristinum: former, oldtime, original; pristine
prosequor, prosequi, prosecutus sum: pursue; escort; describe in detail
quicumque, cuiuscumque: who/whatever, no matter who/what, in any time/way, however small
scapha, scaphae F: skiff; light boat
servo, servare, servavi, servatus: watch over; protect, store, keep, guard, preserve, save
signum, signi N: battle standard; indication; seal; sign, proof; signal; image, statue
singularis, singularis, singulare: alone, unique; single, one by one; singular, remarkable, unusual
speculatorius, speculatoria, speculatorium: spying, scouting
submitto, submittere, submisi, submissus: allow to grow long; emit, put forth, raise; lower, moderate, relieve; submit
subsidium, subsidi(i) N: help, relief; reinforcement
uter, utra, utrum: which, whichever, no matter which; one, either, one or other
vero: yes; in truth; certainly; truly, to be sure; however
arcesso, arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitus: send for, summon, indict; fetch, import; invite; invoke; bring on oneself
Britannia, Britanniae F: Britain
commendo, commendare, commendavi, commendatus: entrust, give in trust; commit; recommend, commend to; point out, designate
Commius, commii: a Gallic leader
comprehendo, comprehendere, comprehendi, comprehensus: catch/seize/grasp firmly; arrest; take hold/root/fire, ignite; conceive
confero, conferre, contuli, collatus: bring together, carry/convey; collect/gather, compare; unite, add; direct/aim
conicio, conicere, conieci, coniectus: throw/put/pile together; conclude, infer/guess; assign, make go; classify, put
continens, continentis: mainland; continent; forming part of a continuous mass
culpa, culpae F: fault/blame/responsibility; crime; negligence
defero, deferre, detuli, delatus: carry/bring/sink/fall down/off; convey/deliver/transfer; reduce/slope
demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratus: point out/at/to, draw attention to; explain/describe/show, give an account of
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotus: pardon, forgive
imprudentia, imprudentiae F: ignorance; lack of knowledge/thought/awareness/judgment/foresight/intention
interea: meanwhile
longinquus, longinqua -um, longinquior -or -us, longinquissimus -a -um: remote, distant, far off; lasting, of long duration
mando, mandare, mandavi, mandatus: entrust, commit to one's charge, deliver over; commission; order, command
modus, modi M: manner, mode, way, method; rule, rhythm, beat, measure, size; bound, limit
obses, obsidis: hostage; pledge, security
orator, oratoris M: speaker, orator
peto, petere, petivi, petitus: attack; aim at; desire; beg, entreat, ask; reach towards, make for
pollicitum, polliciti N: promise
queror, queri, questus sum: complain; protest, grumble, gripe; make formal complaint in court of law
remigro, remigrare, remigravi, remigratus: move back; return
remitto, remittere, remisi, remissus: send back, remit; throw back, relax, diminish
statim: at once, immediately
supero, superare, superavi, superatus: overcome, conquer; survive; outdo; surpass, be above, have the upper hand
supra: on top; more; above; before, formerly
tum: moreover
ultro: besides, beyond; to/on the further/other side; voluntarily, unaided; wantonly
una: together, together with; at the same time; along with
venio, venire, veni, ventus: come
adversus, adversa -um, adversior -or -us, adversissimus -a -um: opposite, directly facing, ranged against; adverse, evil, hostile; unfavorable
altum, alti N: the deep, the sea; deep water; a height/depth; remote/obscure period/source
ancora, ancorae F: anchor; grappling iron/hook
castrum, castri N: fort/fortress; camp, military camp/field; army; war service; day's march
coorior, cooriri, coortus sum: appear, originate; arise, break out; be born; spring forth/to attack
curro, currere, cucurri, cursus: run/trot/gallop, hurry/hasten/speed, move/travel/proceed/flow swiftly/quickly
deicio, deicere, deieci, deiectus: throw/pour/jump/send/put/push/force/knock/bring down; cause to fall/drop; hang
fluctus, fluctus M: wave; disorder; flood, flow, tide, billow, surge; turbulence, commotion
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus: throw, hurl, cast; throw away; utter
lenis, lene, lenior -or -us, lenissimus -a -um: gentle, kind, light; smooth, mild, easy, calm
necessario: unavoidably, without option; necessarily, of necessity; inevitably/unavoidably
nox, noctis F: night
portus, portus M: port, harbor; refuge, haven, place of refuge
proficio, proficere, profeci, profectus: make, accomplish, effect
prope, propius, proxime: near, nearly; close by; almost
proveho, provehere, provexi, provectus: carry; pass, be carried, ride, sail
quartus, quarta, quartum: fourth
sed: but, but also; yet; however, but in fact/truth; not to mention; yes but
solus, sola, solum (gen -ius): only, single; lonely; alone, having no companion/friend/protector; unique
solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus: loosen, release, unbind, untie, free; open; set sail; scatter; pay off/back
superus, supera -um, superior -or -us, supremus -a -um: above, high; higher, upper, of this world; greatest, last, highest
tempestas, tempestatis F: season, time, weather; storm
unde: from where, whence, from what or which place; from which; from whom
accido, accidere, accidi, -: fall upon/down/to/at or near, descend, alight; happen, occur; happen to
accido, accidere, accidi, accisus: cut, cut into/down/up, hack, hew, fell; overthrow, destroy; cut short; weaken
adflicto, adflictare, adflictavi, adflictatus: shatter, damage, strike repeatedly, buffet, wreck; oppress, afflict; vex
administro, administrare, administravi, administratus: administer, manage, direct; assist; operate, conduct; maneuver; bestow
aestus, aestus M: agitation, passion, seething; raging, boiling; heat/fire; sea tide/spray/swell
amitto, amittere, amisi, amissus: lose; lose by death; send away, dismiss; part with; let go/slip/fall, drop
armamentum, armamenti N: equipment, rigging/sailing gear; implements, utensils
auxilior, auxiliari, auxiliatus sum: help; give help/aid; assist; be helpful, be of use/avail; remedy, heal
complus, (gen.), compluris: many, several, a fair/good number; more than one
curo, curare, curavi, curatus: arrange/see/attend to; take care of; provide for; worry/care about; heal/cure
deligo, deligare, deligavi, deligatus: bind fast, tie, fasten; make fast by tying; bandage; tie
efficio, efficere, effeci, effectus: bring about; effect, execute, cause; accomplish; make, produce; prove
enim: namely; indeed; in fact; for; I mean, for instance, that is to say
frango, frangere, fregi, fractus: break, shatter, crush; dishearten, subdue, weaken; move, discourage
funis, funis M: rope; line, cord, sheet, cable; measuring-line/rope, lot
hiemo, hiemare, hiemavi, hiematus: winter, pass the winter, keep winter quarters; be wintry/frozen/stormy
hiems, hiemis F: winter, winter time; rainy season; cold, frost; storm, stormy weather
incognitus, incognita, incognitum: unknown; not known; untried, untested
inutilis, inutilis, inutile: useless, unprofitable, inexpedient, disadvantageous; harmful, helpless
ita: thus, so; therefore
luna, lunae F: moon; month
maritimus, maritima, maritimum: maritime; of/near/by the sea; coastal; relating/used to sea; seafaring/naval
navigo, navigare, navigavi, navigatus: sail; navigate
necesse, undeclined: necessary, essential; unavoidable, compulsory, inevitable; a natural law; true
perturbatio, perturbationis F: disturbance; commotion
plenus, plena -um, plenior -or -us, plenissimus -a -um: full, plump; satisfied
provideo, providere, providi, provisus: foresee; provide for, make provision; with DAT
reficio, reficere, refeci, refectus: rebuild, repair, restore
reporto, reportare, reportavi, reportatus: carry back; report
subduco, subducere, subduxi, subductus: lead up, carry off; transfer; haul
transporto, transportare, transportavi, transportatus: carry across, transport
clam: without knowledge of, unknown to; concealed/secret from
commeatus, commeatus M: supplies/provisions; goods; voyage; passage; convoy/caravan; furlough/leave
confido, confidere, confisus sum: have confidence in, rely on, trust; believe, be confident/assured; be sure
conloquor, conloqui, conlocutus sum: talk/speak to/with; talk together/over; converse; discuss; confer, parley
deduco, deducere, deduxi, deductus: lead/draw//pull/bring/stretch down/away/out/off; escort; eject/evict
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessus: go/march off, depart, withdraw; scatter, dissipate; abandon; lay down
exiguitas, exiguitatis F: smallness, paucity; shortness; scarcity
impedimentum, impedimenti N: hindrance, impediment; heavy baggage
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus: understand; realize
intercludo, intercludere, interclusi, interclusus: cut off; blockade; hinder, block up
nemo, neminis: no one, nobody
paucitas, paucitatis F: scarcity; paucity
paulatim: little by little, by degrees, gradually; a small amount at a time, bit by bit
postea: afterwards
produco, producere, produxi, productus: lead forward, bring out; reveal; induce; promote; stretch out; prolong; bury
rebellio, rebellionis F: rebellion
redeo, redire, redivi(ii), reditus: return, go back, give back; fall back on, revert to; respond, pay back
rursus: turned back, backward; on the contrary/other hand, in return, in turn, again