Vocabulary List 7: De Bello Gallico 5.29-35

accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus: take, grasp, receive, accept, undertake; admit, let in, hear, learn; obey
adiungo, adiungere, adiunxi, adiunctus: add, attach, join to, add to, support; apply to; harness, yoke; direct; confer
ardeo, ardere, arsi, arsus: be on fire; burn, blaze; flash; glow, sparkle; rage; be in a turmoil/love
Ariovistus, Ariovisti M: Ariovistus
calamitas, calamitatis F: loss, damage, harm; misfortune/disaster; military defeat; blight, crop failure
clamito, clamitare, clamitavi, clamitatus: cry out, yell; shout repeatedly, clamor; proclaim; name/call repeatedly/loudly
consentio, consentire, consensi, consensus: join/share in sensation/feeling; be in agreement/harmony; be of the same mind
contemptio, contemptionis F: contempt/scorn/destain; disregard/paying no attention to
contra: facing, face-to-face, in the eyes; towards/up to; across; in opposite direction
contumelia, contumeliae F: indignity, affront, abuse/insult; insulting language/behavior; rough treatment
descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus: descend, climb/march/come/go/flow/run/hang down; dismount; penetrate/sink
dissentio, dissentire, dissensi, dissensus: dissent, disagree; differ
durus, dura -um, durior -or -us, durissimus -a -um: hard, stern; harsh, rough, vigorous; cruel, unfeeling, inflexible; durable
exstinguo, exstinguere, exstinxi, exstinctus: put out, extinguish, quench; kill, destroy
fames, famis F: hunger; famine; want; craving
in: in, on, at; in accordance with/regard to/the case of; within
Italia, Italiae F: Italy
milito, militare, militavi, militatus: serve as soldier, perform military service, serve in the army; wage/make war
obsidio, obsidionis F: siege; blockade
occasio, occasionis F: opportunity; chance; pretext, occasion
pono, ponere, posui, positus: put/place/set; station/post; pitch; situate; set up; erect
praesens, (gen.), praesentis: present; at hand; existing; prompt, in person; propitious
quidem: indeed, certainly, even, at least; ne...quidem-- not...even
redigo, redigere, redegi, redactus: drive back; reduce; render
sententia, sententiae F: opinion, feeling, way of thinking; thought, meaning, sentence/period; purpose
sero, serere, sevi, satus: sow, plant; strew, scatter, spread; cultivate; beget, bring forth
subsum, subesse, subfui, subfuturus: be underneath/a basis for discussion/close at hand as a reserve, be near
timeo, timere, timui, -: fear, dread, be afraid
tot: so many, such a number of; as many, so many; such a great number of
victoria, victoriae F: victory
abs: by, from; after
cado, cadere, cecidi, casus: fall, sink, drop, plummet, topple; be slain, die; end, cease, abate; decay
ceterus, cetera, ceterum: the other; the others. the remaining/rest, all the rest
clarus, clara -um, clarior -or -us, clarissimus -a -um: clear, bright, gleaming; loud, distinct; evident, plain; illustrious, famous
coniungo, coniungere, coniunxi, coniunctus: connect, join/yoke together; marry; connect/compound
disputatio, disputationis F: discussion, debate, dispute, argument
exaudio, exaudire, exaudivi, exauditus: hear clearly; comply with, heed; hear from afar; understand
ferrum, ferri N: iron; any tool of iron; weapon, sword
intereo, interire, interivi(ii), interitus: perish, die; be ruined; cease
liceo, licere, licui, -: fetch
perendinus, perendina, perendinum: after tomorrow
reiicio, reiicere, reieci, reiectus: throw back; drive back; repulse, repel; refuse, reject, scorn
relego, relegare, relegavi, relegatus: banish, remove; relegate
reposco, reposcere, -, -: demand back; claim as one's due
sapio, sapere, sapivi, -: taste of; understand; have sense
terreo, terrere, terrui, territus: frighten, scare, terrify, deter
tu: you
vinco, vincere, vici, victus: conquer, defeat, excel; outlast; succeed
vos: you (pl)
agmen, agminis N: stream; herd, flock, troop, crowd; marching army, column, line; procession
augeo, augere, auxi, auctus: increase, enlarge, augment; spread; honor, promote, raise; exalt; make a lot of
circumspicio, circumspicere, circumspexi, circumspectus: look around/over/for, survey; inspect; search for/seek; examine/review; ponder
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus: burn up, destroy/kill; put end to; reduce/wear away; annul; extinguish
consurgo, consurgere, consurrexi, consurrectus: rise/stand up; rise; ambush
contra: against, facing, opposite; weighed against; as against; in resistance/reply to
dissensio, dissensionis F: disagreement, quarrel; dissension, conflict
excogito, excogitare, excogitavi, excogitatus: think out; devise, invent, contrive
instrumentum, instrumenti N: tool, tools; equipment, apparatus; instrument; means; document, deed
languor, languoris M: faintness, feebleness; languor apathy
maneo, manere, mansi, mansus: remain, stay, abide; wait for; continue, endure, last; spend the night
nec: nor, and..not; not..either, not even
perduco, perducere, perduxi, perductus: lead, guide; prolong; induce, conduct, bring through
perspicio, perspicere, perspexi, perspectus: see through; examine; observe
pertinacia, pertinaciae F: determination/perseverance; persistence; obstinacy, stubbornness, defiance
pronuntio, pronuntiare, pronuntiavi, pronuntiatus: announce; proclaim; relate; divulge; recite; utter
quare: in what way? how? by which means, whereby; why; wherefore, therefore, hence
queo, quire, quivi(ii), quitus: be able
seu: or if; or
sic: thus, so; as follows; in another way; in such a way
tandem: finally; at last, in the end; after some time, eventually; at length
vigilia, vigiliae F: watch, vigil, wakefulness
ascendo, ascendere, ascendi, ascensus: climb; go/climb up; mount, scale; mount up, embark; rise, ascend, move upward
bipertio, bipertire, bipertivi, bipertitus: divide in two parts; bisect; divide
convallis, convallis F: valley, ravine, deep/narrow/enclosed valley, glen
demitto, demittere, demisi, demissus: drop, let fall; sink; send/cast/go/flow/float/slope down; flow/shed/let
exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus: lookout for, await; expect, anticipate, hope for
fremo, fremere, fremui, fremitus: roar; growl; rage; murmur, clamor for
iniquus, iniqua -um, iniquior -or -us, iniquissimus -a -um: unjust, unfair; disadvantageous, uneven; unkind, hostile
insidia, insidiae F: ambush/ambuscade; plot; treachery, treacherous attack/device; trap/snare
nocturnus, nocturna, nocturnum: nocturnal, of night, at night, by night
occulo, occulere, occului, occultus: cover; cover up, hide, cover over, conceal
opportunus, opportuna -um, opportunior -or -us, opportunissimus -a -um: suitable; advantageous; useful, fit, favorable/opportune, ready; liable/exposed
ostendeo, ostendere, ostendi, -: show; reveal; make clear, point out, display, exhibit
posteaquam: after
alacer, alacris -e, alacrior -or -us, alacerrimus -a -um: eager/keen/spirited; quick/brisk; active/lively; courageous/ready; cheerful
arripio, arripere, arripui, arreptus: take hold of; seize, snatch; arrest; assail; pick up, absorb
carus, cara -um, carior -or -us, carissimus -a -um: dear, beloved; costly, precious, valued; high-priced, expensive
clamor, clamoris M: shout, outcry/protest; loud shouting, applause; clamor/noise/din
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus: think; consider, reflect on, ponder; imagine, picture; intend, look forward to
cohorto, cohortare, cohortavi, cohortatus: encourage, exhort
concurso, concursare, concursavi, concursatus: rush/run to and fro/about/together/to visit; clash; visit in turn; run through
deficio, deficere, defeci, defectus: fail, disappoint, let down; leave without a sufficiency; cease to be available
demum: finally, at last; at length, in the end, eventually
desperatio, desperationis F: desperation; desperate action/conduct/health; despair/hopelessness
dispono, disponere, disposui, dispositus: dispose, place here and there, distribute; set/lay out; administer/manage/order
fleo, flere, flevi, fletus: cry for; cry, weep
incommodus, incommoda -um, incommodior -or -us, incommodissimus -a -um: inconvenient, troublesome, annoying; disadvantageous; disagreeable; disobliging
negotium, negoti(i) N: pain, trouble, annoyance, distress; work, business, activity, job
obeo, obire, obivi(ii), obitus: go to meet; attend to; fall; die
orbis, orbis M: circle; territory/region; sphere
plerus, plera, plerum: the majority, most, very great part; about all; very many, a good many
praeterea: besides, thereafter; in addition
propero, properare, properavi, properatus: hurry, speed up; be quick
reprehendo, reprehendere, reprehendi, reprehensus: hold back, seize, catch; blame
Spes, Spei F: Spes, goddess of hope; hope personified
timidus, timida -um, timidior -or -us, timidissimus -a -um: timid; cowardly; fearful, apprehensive; without courage; afraid to
trepido, trepidare, trepidavi, trepidatus: tremble, be afraid, waver
vulgo: generally, usually; universally; publicly, in/to the crowd/multitude/world
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessus: come near, approach; agree with; be added to; constitute
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessus: go/pass; withdraw/retire/leave; step aside/make way; take place of
desero, deserere, deserui, desertus: leave/depart/quit/desert; forsake/abandon/give up; withdraw support, let down
insequor, insequi, insecutus sum: follow/come after; attack; overtake; pursue; come after
levitas, levitatis F: levity; lightness, mildness; fickleness; shallowness
neu: or not, and not
noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitus: harm, hurt; injure
procul: away; at distance, far off
procurro, procurrere, procurri, procursus: run out ahead; jut out
proinde: hence, so then; according to/in the same manner/degree/proportion
quotiens: how often; as often as
reservo, reservare, reservavi, reservatus: reserve; spare; hold on to
tametsi: even if, although, though
adhortor, adhortari, adhortatus sum: encourage, urge on; rally; exhort
adverto, advertere, adverti, adversus: turn/face to/towards; direct/draw one's attention to; steer/pilot
circumvenio, circumvenire, circumveni, circumventus: encircle, surround; assail, beset; enclose; circumvent; defraud/trick; surpass
conflicto, conflictare, conflictavi, conflictatus: harm, assail, harass, distress, torment, vex; bring to ruin
diligenter, diligentius, diligentissime: carefully; attentively; diligently; scrupulously; thoroughly/completely/well
for, fari, fatus sum: speak, talk; say
hora, horae F: hour; time; season
indignus, indigna -um, indignior -or -us, indignissimus -a -um: unworthy, undeserving, undeserved; unbecoming; shameful; intolerable; cruel
lateo, latere, latui, -: lie hidden, lurk; live a retired life, escape notice
nudo, nudare, nudavi, nudatus: lay bare, strip; leave unprotected
observo, observare, observavi, observatus: watch, observe; heed
octo, octavus -a -um, octoni -ae -a, octie(n)s: 8th-; 8th
os, oris N: mouth, speech, expression; face; pronunciation
pilus, pili M: chief
praeceptum, praecepti N: teaching, lesson, precept; order, command
refugio, refugere, refugi, -: flee back; run away, escape
sin: but if; if on the contrary
sto, stare, steti, status: stand, stand still, stand firm; remain, rest
subvenio, subvenire, subveni, subventus: come to help, assist; rescue
tragula, tragulae F: dart, javelin
traicio, traicere, traieci, traiectus: transfer; transport; pierce, transfix
velox, velocis (gen.), velocior -or -us, velocissimus -a -um: swift, quick, fleet, rapid, speedy
vir, viri M: man; husband; hero; person of courage, honor, and nobility
vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatus: avoid, shun; evade
vulnero, vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus: wound/injure/harm, pain/distress; inflict wound on; damage