Vocabulary List 9: De Bello Gallico 5.43-48

acer, acris -e, acrior -or -us, acerrimus -a -um: sharp, bitter, pointed, piercing, shrill; sagacious, keen; severe, vigorous
adigo, adigere, adegi, adactus: drive in/to, force, impel; cast, hurl; consign; bind
argilla, argillae F: white clay, potter's earth/clay; clay
conflagro, conflagrare, conflagravi, conflagratus: be on fire/burn; be burnt down/consumed/utterly destroyed; be/become inflamed
constipo, constipare, constipavi, constipatus: crowd together; press/crowd closely together
contingo, contingere, contigi, contactus: touch; reach; border on, be connected with; affect, hit; take hold, seize
decedo, decedere, decessi, decessus: withdraw/retire, go off/away, depart, leave; relinquish/cease; desert/abandon
demigro, demigrare, demigravi, demigratus: emigrate; migrate; depart/remove/withdraw/go away
deturbo, deturbare, deturbavi, deturbatus: upset/topple, bring tumbling down; dislodge; strike/beat to ground
exploro, explorare, exploravi, exploratus: search out, explore; test, try out; reconnoiter, investigate
fervefacio, fervefacere, fervefeci, fervefactus: heat; melt; boil; make hot
ferveo, fervere, ferbui, -: be hot; boil/burn; seethe/surge; swarm; be turbulent/run strongly; froth
flamma, flammae F: flame, blaze; ardor, fire of love; object of love
fundus, fundi M: farm; piece of land, estate; bottom, lowest part; foundation; an authority
fusilis, fusilis, fusile: molded; molten, fluid, liquid
glans, glandis F: mast/acorn/beechnut/chestnut; missile/bullet thrown/discharged from sling
introeo, introire, introivi(ii), introitus: enter, go in or into; invade
iaceo, iacere, iacui, iacitus: lie; lie down; lie ill/in ruins/prostrate/dead; sleep; be situated
iaculus, iacula, iaculum: thrown, darting
lapis, lapidis M: stone; milestone; jewel
nutus, nutus M: nod; command, will
paene: nearly, almost; mostly
pario, parere, peperi, partus: bear; give birth to; beget, bring forth; produce, lay; create; acquire
quisdam, cuiusdam: certain; as INDEF a certain thing; somebody, one, something
recedo, recedere, recessi, recessus: recede, go back, withdraw, ebb; retreat; retire; move/keep/pass/slip away
respicio, respicere, respexi, respectus: look back at; gaze at; consider; respect; care for, provide for
scala, scalae F: ladder
septimus, -a, -um: 7th
sicuti: as, just as; like; in same way; as if; as it certainly is; as it were
stramentum, stramenti N: thatch; litter/trash
succendo, succendere, succendi, succensus: set on fire
tego, tegere, texi, tectus: cover, protect; defend; hide
torreo, torrere, torrui, tostus: parch, roast, scorch, bake, burn; dry up; begin to burn; harden by charring
ultimus, ultima, ultimum: farthest, latest, greatest, highest
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus: call, summon; name; call upon
ambo, ambae, ambo: both; two of pair; two considered together, both parties; each of two
antefero, anteferre, antetuli, antelatus: carry before; place before/in front of; bring in advance, anticipate; prefer
appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi, appropinquatus: approach; come near to, draw near/nigh; be close
averto, avertere, averti, aversus: turn away from/aside, divert, rout; disturb; withdraw; steal, misappropriate
balteum, baltei N: belt; shoulder-band/baldric; woman's girdle; band around neck/breast of horse
certamen, certaminis N: contest, competition; battle, combat, struggle; rivalry; dispute
comminus: hand to hand, in close combat/quarters; close at hand; in presence of
concido, concidere, concidi, -: fall down/faint/dead/victim/to earth/short, collapse; drop, subside; decline
contentio, contentionis F: stretching, tension; strenuous exercise; comparison
converto, convertere, converti, conversus: turn upside down/side-to-side; invert/transpose/convulse; turn over/dig
defigo, defigere, defixi, defixus: sink/bury/stick/thrust; fasten, fix, plant, embed; attach/affix
dexter, dextra -um, dexterior -or -us, dextimus -a -um: right, on/to the right hand/side; skillful/dexterous/handy
diiudico, diiudicare, diiudicavi, diiudicatus: decide, settle; adjudicate/judge; distinguish, discern
dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus: doubt; deliberate; hesitate; be uncertain/irresolute
exanimo, exanimare, exanimavi, exanimatus: kill, deprive of life; scare, alarm greatly; tire, exhaust; be out of breath
existimatio, existimationis F: opinion; reputation/name; esteem; judgment/view/estimation; credit
extra: outside
immitto, immittere, immisi, immissus: send in/to/into/against; cause to go; insert; hurl/throw in; let go/in; allow
insto, instare, institi, -: pursue, threaten; approach, press hard; be close to; stand in/on
irrumpo, irrumpere, irrupi, irruptus: invade; break/burst/force/rush in/upon/into, penetrate; intrude on; interrupt
iudico, iudicare, iudicavi, iudicatus: judge, give judgment; sentence; conclude, decide; declare, appraise
laus, laudis F: praise, approval, merit; glory; renown
mediocris, mediocris, mediocre: medium/average/intermediate; middling/fair/ordinary/moderate/tolerable; trivial
percutio, percutere, percussi, percussus: beat, strike; pierce
procurro, procurrere, procucurri, procursus: run out ahead, run forward, advance; jut out
protego, protegere, protexi, protectus: cover, protect
pullum, pulli N: dark-gray cloth
pullus, pulla, pullum: blackish, dark colored, of undyed wool as worn in morning
qua: where; by which route
quisnam, cuiusnam: who then?; who in the world?
regredior, regredi, regressus sum: go back, return, retreat
scutum, scuti N: shield
simultas, simultatis F: enmity, rivalry; hatred
succurro, succurrere, succurri, succursus: run to the aid of, help
transfigo, transfigere, transfixi, transfixus: transfix, pierce through
tuus, tua, tuum: your
vagina, vaginae F: sheath, scabbard
verso, versare, versavi, versatus: keep turning/going round, spin, whirl; turn over and over; stir; maneuver
verutum, veruti N: dart
verutus, veruta, verutum: armed with a javelin
voveo, vovere, vovi, votus: vow, dedicate, consecrate
asper, aspera -um, asperior -or -us, asperrimus -a -um: rude/unrefined; cruel/violent/savage/raging/drastic; stern/severe/bitter; hard
conspectus, conspectus M: view, sight; aspect/appearance/look; perception/contemplation/survey
creber, crebra -um, crebrior -or -us, creberrimus -a -um: thick/crowded/packed/close set; frequent/repeated, constant; numerous/abundant
crucio, cruciare, cruciavi, cruciatus: torment, torture; cause grief/anguish; crucify; suffer torture/agony; grieve
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus: defend/guard/protect, look after; act/speak/plead/write for defense; prosecute
deprehendo, deprehendere, deprehendi, deprehensus: seize/catch; catch napping/redhanded; surprise/pounce on; arrest; intercept
honestus, honesta -um, honestior -or -us, honestissimus -a -um: distinguished, reputable, respected, honorable, upright, honest; worthy
illigo, illigare, illigavi, illigatus: bind, fasten, tie up
intus: within, on the inside, inside; at home
neco, necare, necui, nectus: kill/murder; put to death; suppress, destroy; kill; quench/drown
nomen, nominis N: name, family name; noun; account, entry in debt ledger; sake; title, heading
perfugio, perfugere, perfugi, -: flee, desert; take refuge
servus, servi M: slave; servant
colligo, colligere, collegi, collectus: collect, assemble, bring/gather/hold/keep together; combine; harvest; pick up
scio, scire, scivi(ii), scitus: know, understand
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus: write; compose
antecursor, antecursoris M: scout, forerunner; vanguard, leading troops; predecessor in office
attribuo, attribuere, attribui, attributus: assign/allot/attribute/impute to; grant, pay; appoint, put under jurisdiction
caedo, caedere, cecidi, caesus: chop, hew, cut out/down/to pieces; strike, smite, murder; slaughter; sodomize
consido, considere, consedi, consessus: sit down/be seated; hold sessions, sit, try; settle; alight; subside/sink
deveho, devehere, devexi, devectus: carry/convey/transport/take/remove; carry away/downstream/by sea; sail
ibi: there, in that place; thereupon
perscribo, perscribere, perscripsi, perscriptus: report; describe; write out in full; finish writing, write a detailed record
recens, (gen.), recentis: fresh, recent; rested
similis, simile, similior -or -us, simillimus -a -um: like, similar, resembling
tolero, tolerare, toleravi, toleratus: bear, endure, tolerate
adhaereo, adhaerere, adhaesi, adhaesus: adhere, stick, cling/cleave to; hang on; be attached/concerned/involved
amens, amentis (gen.), amentior -or -us, amentissimus -a -um: insane, demented, out of one's mind; very excited, frantic, distracted; foolish
demo, demere, dempsi, demptus: take/cut away/off, remove, withdraw; subtract; take away from
dubitatio, dubitationis F: doubt, irresolution, uncertainty; wavering, hesitation; questioning
epistola, epistolae F: letter/dispatch/written communication; imperial rescript; epistle; preface
fumus, fumi M: smoke, steam, vapor, fume
graecus, graeca, graecum: Greek
incendium, incendi(i) N: fire, conflagration; fiery heat; fiery passion/love/hostility; arson
laetitia, laetitiae F: joy/happiness; source of joy/delight; fertility; fruitfulness; floridity
opinio, opinionis F: belief, idea, opinion; rumor
perlego, perlegere, perlegi, perlectus: read over/through; scan, survey, run one's eyes over; recount
praecipio, praecipere, praecepi, praeceptus: take or receive in advance; anticipate; warn; order; teach, instruct
recito, recitare, recitavi, recitatus: read aloud, recite; name in writing
retineo, retinere, retinui, retentus: hold back, restrain; uphold; delay; hold fast; retain,preserve