Vocabulary List 11: Aeneid 1.1-33

accendo, accendere, accendi, accensus: kindle, set on fire, light; illuminate; inflame, stir up, arouse; make bright
aequor, aequoris N: level/smooth surface, plain; surface of the sea; sea, ocean
antiquus, antiqua -um, antiquior -or -us, antiquissimus -a -um: old/ancient/aged; time-honored; simple/classic; venerable; archaic/outdated
arceo, arcere, arcui, -: ward/keep off/away; keep close, confine; prevent, hinder; protect; separate
arx, arcis F: citadel, stronghold, city; height, hilltop; Capitoline hill; defense, refuge
cano, canere, cecini, cantus: sing, celebrate, chant; crow; recite; play/sound; foretell
colonus, coloni M: farmer, cultivator, tiller; tenant-farmer; settler, colonist; inhabitant
condo, condere, condidi, conditus: put/insert; store up/put away, preserve, bottle; bury/inter; sink
dea, deae F: goddess
dives, divitis (gen.), divitior -or -us, divitissimus -a -um: rich/wealthy; costly; fertile/productive; talented, well endowed
doleo, dolere, dolui, dolitus: hurt; feel/suffer pain; grieve; be afflicted/pained/sorry; cause pain/grief
excidium, excidi(i) N: military destruction; ruin/demolition; subversion/overthrow
excido, excidere, excidi, excisus: cut out/off/down; raze, destroy
fatum, fati N: utterance, oracle; fate, destiny; natural term of life; doom, death, calamity
forma, formae F: form, figure, appearance; beauty; mold, pattern
foveo, fovere, fovi, fotus: keep warm; favor, cherish, maintain, foster
hic: here, in this place; in the present circumstances
hinc: from here, from this source/cause; hence, henceforth
immitis, immite, immitior -or -us, immitissimus -a -um: cruel, rough, harsh, sour; rude, rough; severe, stern; inexorable; savage
insignis, insignis, insigne: conspicuous, manifest, eminent, notable, famous, distinguished, outstanding
invisus, invisa, invisum: hated, detested; hateful, hostile
ira, irae F: anger; ire, wrath; resentment; indignation; rage/fury/violence; bad blood
iacto, iactare, iactavi, iactatus: throw away, throw out, throw, jerk about; disturb; boast, discuss
iudex, iudicis M: judge; juror
labor, laboris M: labor/toil/exertion/effort/work; task/undertaking; production; childbirth
laedo, laedere, laesi, laesus: strike; hurt, injure, wound; offend, annoy
magis: to greater extent, more nearly; rather, instead; more
memor, (gen.), memoris: remembering; mindful, grateful; unforgetting, commemorative
memoro, memorare, memoravi, memoratus: remember; be mindful of; mention/recount/relate, remind/speak of
mens, mentis F: mind; reason, intellect, judgment; plan, intention, frame of mind; courage
metuo, metuere, metui, -: fear; be afraid; stand in fear of; be apprehensive, dread
moenia, moenium: defensive/town walls, bulwarks; fortifications; fortified town; castle
moles, molis F: large mass; rock/boulder; heap/lump/pile, bulk; monster; mole/jetty/dam/dike
multum, plus, plurimum: much, greatly, plenty, very; more; most
musa, musae F: muse; sciences/poetry
necdum: and/but not yet
olim: formerly; once, once upon a time; in the future
ops, opis F: power, might; help; influence; resources/wealth
ora, orae F: shore, coast
ostium, osti(i) N: doorway; front door; starting gate; entrance; mouth
posthabeo, posthabere, posthabui, posthabitus: esteem less, subordinate; postpone
profugus, profuga, profugum: fugitive/fleeing/escaping; exiled; shrinking; P:eluding one's grasp
progenies, progeniei F: race, family, progeny
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus: drag off; snatch; destroy; seize, carry off; pillage; hurry
regina, reginae F: queen
reliquia, reliquiae F: remains/relics; remnants/traces/vestiges; survivors
repostus, reposta, repostum: remote, out of the way
rex, regis M: king
saevus, saeva -um, saevior -or -us, saevissimus -a -um: savage; fierce/ferocious; violent/wild/raging; cruel, harsh, severe; vehement
sanguis, sanguinis M: blood; family
sino, sinere, sivi, situs: allow, permit
sperno, spernere, sprevi, spretus: scorn, despise, spurn
super: above, on top, over; upwards; moreover, in addition, besides
superbus, superba, superbum: arrogant, overbearing, haughty, proud
tendo, tendere, tetendi, tensus: stretch/spread/extend; distend; aim/direct weapon/glance/steps/course; strive
vetus, veteris (gen.), veterior -or -us, veterrimus -a -um: old, aged, ancient; former; veteran, experienced; long standing, chronic
volvo, volvere, volvi, volutus: roll, cause to roll; travel in circle/circuit; bring around/about; revolve